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survive的用法

2019-07-11 17:15:16文/宋则贤

survive可用作及物动词跟不迭物动词,作及物动词时,有从...中逃生,比...活得长等寄义,作不迭物动词时,有活上去,幸存等寄义。

survive的用法

一.作及物动词

1. 在...之后依旧生涯,从...中逃生

Only two passengers survived the air-crash.

此次飞机误事掉事只要两名旅客幸免于逝世。

She was the only girl to survive the accident.

她是此次变乱的专注幸存者.

Few of the houses survived the war

没有一所房子担负住了战役的浸礼.

2. 比...活得长;丧掉(伉俪,亲人等)

She survived her husband by twenty years.

她丈夫逝世后她又活了二十年。

Surprisingly,John survived his younger brother.

出乎预想的是约翰居然活得比他弟弟还长.

注:survive 自身已表现“幸存,幸免于”,是以其后不能再加过剩的in或from(正如enter the

building不加into)

二.作不迭物动词,表现活上去,幸存;残留

Few survived after the flood.

大水后少少有人生还。

Of the six people injured in the crash, only two survived.

因而次撞车变乱受伤的六人中,只要两团体私人活上去了.

Of the wounded,only three survived.

伤员中只要三个活了上去.

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